Difference between revisions of "Antenna"

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m (Added a note on the time warp bug in properties)
m (Undo (some of) revision 66775 by OrbitalHippie (talk) -- You got some kind of auto-correct malfunction?)
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'''Antennae''' allow communication with [[Kerbal Spaaaaaace Center]], when deployed. With {{version|0.22}} the antennae allow the return of [[Science|scientific data]] from spaaaaaace, without the need to recover the craft on Kerbin. Mods like RemoteTech or Antenna Range add additional functionality to them.
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'''Antennae''' allow communication with [[Kerbal Space Center]], when deployed. With {{version|0.22}} the antennae allow the return of [[Science|scientific data]] from space, without the need to recover the craft on Kerbin. Mods like RemoteTech or Antenna Range add additional functionality to them.
  
 
In versions prior to 0.22, antennae couldn't be retracted and had no function in the base game. A bug could retract them when craft was accessed from the [[Tracking Station]], at the cost of breaking the ability to redeploy them.
 
In versions prior to 0.22, antennae couldn't be retracted and had no function in the base game. A bug could retract them when craft was accessed from the [[Tracking Station]], at the cost of breaking the ability to redeploy them.
  
 
== Packets ==
 
== Packets ==
When an antenna transmits data to the [[Research and Development]] facility, it consumes an amount of [[atomic charge]] for each packet of data. The transmission is suspended if there is insufficient atomic charge available, and automatically resumes once sufficient stored power is accumulated. The direction and distance as well as the visibility of the facility, that there are no planets or moons in between, don't affect the transmission in any way.
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When an antenna transmits data to the [[Research and Development]] facility, it consumes an amount of [[electric charge]] for each packet of data. The transmission is suspended if there is insufficient electric charge available, and automatically resumes once sufficient stored power is accumulated. The direction and distance as well as the visibility of the facility, that there are no planets or moons in between, don't affect the transmission in any way.
  
 
== Properties ==
 
== Properties ==
Each antenna has three properties: the size of each packet, which is 2 Mits for all stock antennae, the number of seconds required per packet, and the atomic charge required per packet. Based on these properties, the speed of transmission and amount of atomic charge consumed can be determined. Transmission rate and transmission power consumption are not affected by time warp.<ref>[[tracker:2067|Bug report #2067]] “Science transmission is not affected by time warping”</ref> The bandwidth shown in the part information in-game is calculated incorrectly, because the statistic listed in the configuration files refers to seconds per packet, rather than packets per second.<ref>[[tracker:2018|Bug report #2018]] “Communication devices transmission speed display bug”</ref>
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Each antenna has three properties: the size of each packet, which is 2 Mits for all stock antennae, the number of seconds required per packet, and the electric charge required per packet. Based on these properties, the speed of transmission and amount of electric charge consumed can be determined. However, transmission rate and transmission power consumption are not affected by time warp<ref>[[tracker:2067|Bug report #2067]] “Science transmission is not affected by time warping”</ref> and the bandwidth shown in the part information in-game is calculated incorrectly, because the statistic listed in the configuration files refers to seconds per packet, rather than packets per second.<ref>[[tracker:2018|Bug report #2018]] “Communication devices transmission speed display bug”</ref>
  
 
Transmissions group the data in a whole number of packets, so the last packet may not be fully utilized. Because all antennae in the stock game group data into packets of 2 Mits, they will send one packet with 1 Mit if the total amount of transferred data in Mits is odd.  
 
Transmissions group the data in a whole number of packets, so the last packet may not be fully utilized. Because all antennae in the stock game group data into packets of 2 Mits, they will send one packet with 1 Mit if the total amount of transferred data in Mits is odd.  
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For most purposes, it really doesn't matter which antenna is used, as long as there is sufficient electrical power available.  Antenna choice is commonly a matter of aesthetics, choosing based on what fits on the craft in question, and looks good.  The impatient may prefer to use the faster antenna (but should ensure that they can generate electricity fast enough, or have a sufficiently large battery supply to keep it running), but even the slowest antenna transmits the largest science experiment data in a tolerable time.
 
For most purposes, it really doesn't matter which antenna is used, as long as there is sufficient electrical power available.  Antenna choice is commonly a matter of aesthetics, choosing based on what fits on the craft in question, and looks good.  The impatient may prefer to use the faster antenna (but should ensure that they can generate electricity fast enough, or have a sufficiently large battery supply to keep it running), but even the slowest antenna transmits the largest science experiment data in a tolerable time.
  
There is no "best" or "better" here, for most purposes.  The fast Communotron 88-88 uses a almost twice the electricity for the same amount of data, so should possibly be avoided on craft that have a less than generous electricity supply. In a very specific case when only batteries are used the Comms DTS-M1 is better than the Communotron 16, because both use the same amount of atomic charge per Mit. On the other hand the Comms DTS-M1 is heavier although the masses are so low that they are probably not important.
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There is no "best" or "better" here, for most purposes.  The fast Communotron 88-88 uses a almost twice the electricity for the same amount of data, so should possibly be avoided on craft that have a less than generous electricity supply. In a very specific case when only batteries are used the Comms DTS-M1 is better than the Communotron 16, because both use the same amount of electric charge per Mit. On the other hand the Comms DTS-M1 is heavier although the masses are so low that they are probably not important.
  
 
== References ==
 
== References ==

Revision as of 18:49, 5 September 2015

Antennae allow communication with Kerbal Space Center, when deployed. With version 0.22 the antennae allow the return of scientific data from space, without the need to recover the craft on Kerbin. Mods like RemoteTech or Antenna Range add additional functionality to them.

In versions prior to 0.22, antennae couldn't be retracted and had no function in the base game. A bug could retract them when craft was accessed from the Tracking Station, at the cost of breaking the ability to redeploy them.

Packets

When an antenna transmits data to the Research and Development facility, it consumes an amount of electric charge for each packet of data. The transmission is suspended if there is insufficient electric charge available, and automatically resumes once sufficient stored power is accumulated. The direction and distance as well as the visibility of the facility, that there are no planets or moons in between, don't affect the transmission in any way.

Properties

Each antenna has three properties: the size of each packet, which is 2 Mits for all stock antennae, the number of seconds required per packet, and the electric charge required per packet. Based on these properties, the speed of transmission and amount of electric charge consumed can be determined. However, transmission rate and transmission power consumption are not affected by time warp[1] and the bandwidth shown in the part information in-game is calculated incorrectly, because the statistic listed in the configuration files refers to seconds per packet, rather than packets per second.[2]

Transmissions group the data in a whole number of packets, so the last packet may not be fully utilized. Because all antennae in the stock game group data into packets of 2 Mits, they will send one packet with 1 Mit if the total amount of transferred data in Mits is odd.

Transmission

When the transmit button is pressed while reviewing experiment results, an antenna will automatically deploy to perform a transmission and then retract after completion. If the antenna's own right-click menu command is used to initiate the transmission, it will attempt to immediately transmit all data stored in all science modules on the craft. Aborting any transmission of scientific data will destroy any remaining data that was to be sent.[clarify] No warning will be given about this.

When the Transmit button is used and multiple antennae are available, the game chooses the best one based on the cost and time per Mit.

Available antennae

Image Part Radial size Cost
(Funds)
Mass
(t)
Max. Temp.
(K)
Tolerance
(m/s)
Tolerance
(g)
Electricity
(⚡/Mit)
Electricity
(⚡/s)
Net transmission speed
(Mits/s)
Relay capable CommNet Tier
Communotron 16.png
Communotron 16 Tiny 300 0.005 2 000 7 50 6 20.0 3.33 × No 1
Communotron 16-S.png
Communotron 16-S Tiny 300 0.015 2 000 7 50 6 20.0 3.33 × No 1
Comms DTS-M1 02.png
Communotron DTS-M1 Radial mounted 900 0.05 2 000 8 50 6 34.3 5.71 × No 3
Commutron HG-55.png
Communotron HG-55 Radial mounted 1200 0.075 2 000 7 50 6.67 133.3 20.0 × No 4
Communotron 88-88.png
Communotron 88-88 Tiny 1 500 0.1 2 000 7 50 10 200.0 20.0 × No 5
HG-5 High Gain Antenna (+open).png
HG-5 High Gain Antenna Radial mounted 600 0.07 2 000 8 50 9 51.4 5.71 ✓ Yes 2
RA-2 Relay Antenna.png
RA-2 Relay Antenna Radial mounted 1 800 0.15 2 000 8 50 24 68.6 2.86 ✓ Yes 3
RA-15 Relay Antenna.png
RA-15 Relay Antenna Radial mounted 2 400 0.3 2 000 8 50 12 68.6 5.71 ✓ Yes 4
RA-100 Relay Antenna.png
RA-100 Relay Antenna Radial mounted 3 000 0.65 2 000 8 50 6 68.6 11.43 ✓ Yes 5


Which antenna to use?

For most purposes, it really doesn't matter which antenna is used, as long as there is sufficient electrical power available. Antenna choice is commonly a matter of aesthetics, choosing based on what fits on the craft in question, and looks good. The impatient may prefer to use the faster antenna (but should ensure that they can generate electricity fast enough, or have a sufficiently large battery supply to keep it running), but even the slowest antenna transmits the largest science experiment data in a tolerable time.

There is no "best" or "better" here, for most purposes. The fast Communotron 88-88 uses a almost twice the electricity for the same amount of data, so should possibly be avoided on craft that have a less than generous electricity supply. In a very specific case when only batteries are used the Comms DTS-M1 is better than the Communotron 16, because both use the same amount of electric charge per Mit. On the other hand the Comms DTS-M1 is heavier although the masses are so low that they are probably not important.

References

  1. Bug report #2067 “Science transmission is not affected by time warping”
  2. Bug report #2018 “Communication devices transmission speed display bug”