Difference between revisions of "Fuel tank"

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Liquid Fuel tanks hold fuel for both [[Liquid_Fuel#Associated Engines |rocket engines and jet engines]]. In [[w:Rocket_engine|real rocket engines]], the fuel tanks would need to store both fuel, usually [[w:RP-1|highly refined Kerosene]] for the first stage and/or [[w:Liquid Hydrogen|Liquid Hydrogen (LH2)]] for subsequent stages, and an [[w:Oxidizer|oxidizing agent]], such as [[w:Liquid Oxygen|Liquid Oxygen (LOX)]]. Both the fuel and oxidizing agent are stored under slight pressure in [[w:Cryogenic_fuel|special fuel tanks]] to keep them from vaporizing; this is because [[w:Liquid Hydrogen|LH2]] and [[w:Liquid Oxygen|LOX]] require temperatures below 20.28 K (−252.87 °C, −423.17 °F) and 90.19 K (−182.96 °C, −297.33 °F) respectively to remain in a liquid state. In comparison, jet aircraft carry only fuel as [[w:Jet_engine|real jet engines]] can rely solely on [[w:Atmosphere_of_Earth#Composition|atmospheric oxygen]] as an oxidizer. Most jet engines operate using a [[w:Jet_fuel|refined Kerosene hydro-carbon]] similar to diesel, which can actually be used in some diesel engines. However, it is not recommended, or legal in some places, to use jet fuel as a replacement for diesel due to it's high lead content and lesser lubricating ability.
 
Liquid Fuel tanks hold fuel for both [[Liquid_Fuel#Associated Engines |rocket engines and jet engines]]. In [[w:Rocket_engine|real rocket engines]], the fuel tanks would need to store both fuel, usually [[w:RP-1|highly refined Kerosene]] for the first stage and/or [[w:Liquid Hydrogen|Liquid Hydrogen (LH2)]] for subsequent stages, and an [[w:Oxidizer|oxidizing agent]], such as [[w:Liquid Oxygen|Liquid Oxygen (LOX)]]. Both the fuel and oxidizing agent are stored under slight pressure in [[w:Cryogenic_fuel|special fuel tanks]] to keep them from vaporizing; this is because [[w:Liquid Hydrogen|LH2]] and [[w:Liquid Oxygen|LOX]] require temperatures below 20.28 K (−252.87 °C, −423.17 °F) and 90.19 K (−182.96 °C, −297.33 °F) respectively to remain in a liquid state. In comparison, jet aircraft carry only fuel as [[w:Jet_engine|real jet engines]] can rely solely on [[w:Atmosphere_of_Earth#Composition|atmospheric oxygen]] as an oxidizer. Most jet engines operate using a [[w:Jet_fuel|refined Kerosene hydro-carbon]] similar to diesel, which can actually be used in some diesel engines. However, it is not recommended, or legal in some places, to use jet fuel as a replacement for diesel due to it's high lead content and lesser lubricating ability.
  
At present, all fuel tanks in the game provide both [[Liquid_Fuel|Rocket and Jet fuel]] automatically (as of v0.17 there is still only one type of fuel). It is possible, however unlikely, that Kerbal scientists have discovered a fuel mixture susceptible for operating both rocket and jet engines.
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At present, all fuel tanks in the game provide both [[Liquid_Fuel|Rocket and Jet fuel]] automatically (as of v0.17 there is still only one type of fuel). It is possible, however unlikely, that Kerbal scientists have discovered a fuel mixture suitable for operating both rocket and jet engines.
  
 
A liquid fuel tank can provide fuel to any engine directly attached to it and when tanks are directly connected together in a stack, they will feed fuel from the top tank first, automatically switching to the next tank as they empty. You can mount additional fuel tanks with [[decouplers|radial decouplers]], and the use fuel lines to provide fuel into the central tanks. This can be used to provide an [[Tutorial:Onion Peel Rocket Design|'onion peel']] system where outer tanks are drained first, then dumped leaving central tanks completely full. This can be tricky to get set up when dealing with very large rockets, as the out layers need to be kept burning long enough to ensure the rest of the rocket can get into orbit once they have stopped providing thrust.
 
A liquid fuel tank can provide fuel to any engine directly attached to it and when tanks are directly connected together in a stack, they will feed fuel from the top tank first, automatically switching to the next tank as they empty. You can mount additional fuel tanks with [[decouplers|radial decouplers]], and the use fuel lines to provide fuel into the central tanks. This can be used to provide an [[Tutorial:Onion Peel Rocket Design|'onion peel']] system where outer tanks are drained first, then dumped leaving central tanks completely full. This can be tricky to get set up when dealing with very large rockets, as the out layers need to be kept burning long enough to ensure the rest of the rocket can get into orbit once they have stopped providing thrust.

Revision as of 21:37, 15 October 2012

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Liquid Fuel tanks hold fuel for both rocket engines and jet engines. In real rocket engines, the fuel tanks would need to store both fuel, usually highly refined Kerosene for the first stage and/or Liquid Hydrogen (LH2) for subsequent stages, and an oxidizing agent, such as Liquid Oxygen (LOX). Both the fuel and oxidizing agent are stored under slight pressure in special fuel tanks to keep them from vaporizing; this is because LH2 and LOX require temperatures below 20.28 K (−252.87 °C, −423.17 °F) and 90.19 K (−182.96 °C, −297.33 °F) respectively to remain in a liquid state. In comparison, jet aircraft carry only fuel as real jet engines can rely solely on atmospheric oxygen as an oxidizer. Most jet engines operate using a refined Kerosene hydro-carbon similar to diesel, which can actually be used in some diesel engines. However, it is not recommended, or legal in some places, to use jet fuel as a replacement for diesel due to it's high lead content and lesser lubricating ability.

At present, all fuel tanks in the game provide both Rocket and Jet fuel automatically (as of v0.17 there is still only one type of fuel). It is possible, however unlikely, that Kerbal scientists have discovered a fuel mixture suitable for operating both rocket and jet engines.

A liquid fuel tank can provide fuel to any engine directly attached to it and when tanks are directly connected together in a stack, they will feed fuel from the top tank first, automatically switching to the next tank as they empty. You can mount additional fuel tanks with radial decouplers, and the use fuel lines to provide fuel into the central tanks. This can be used to provide an 'onion peel' system where outer tanks are drained first, then dumped leaving central tanks completely full. This can be tricky to get set up when dealing with very large rockets, as the out layers need to be kept burning long enough to ensure the rest of the rocket can get into orbit once they have stopped providing thrust.

Liquid fuel and oxidizer density are both 5 kg/unit Mass
(t)
Liquid
Fuel

(Units of fuel)
Oxidizer
(Units of fuel)
Image Part Radial size Cost
(Funds)
Full Empty Max. Temp.
(K)
Tolerance
(m/s)
Tolerance
(g)
R-4 FT.png
R-4 'Dumpling' External Tank Radial mounted 50
(39.90)
0.1238 0.0138 2 000 5 50 9.9 12.1
R-11 FT.png
R-11 'Baguette' External Tank Radial mounted 50
(25.21)
0.3038 0.0338 2 000 5 50 24.3 29.7
R-12 FT.png
R-12 'Doughnut' External Tank Small 147
(119.46)
0.3375 0.0375 2 000 6 50 27 33
Oscar-B FT.png
Oscar-B Fuel Tank Tiny 70
(51.64)
0.225 0.025 2 000 6 50 18 22
FL-T100 Dark.png
FL-T100 Fuel Tank Small 150
(104.1)
0.5625 0.0625 2 000 6 50 45 55
FL-T200 Dark.png
FL-T200 Fuel Tank Small 275
(183.2)
1.125 0.125 2 000 6 50 90 110
FL-T400 Dark.png
FL-T400 Fuel Tank Small 500
(316.4)
2.25 0.25 2 000 6 50 180 220
FL-T800 Dark.png
FL-T800 Fuel Tank Small 800
(432.8)
4.5 0.5 2 000 6 50 360 440
X200-8 White.png
Rockomax X200-8 Fuel Tank Large 800
(432.8)
4.5 0.5 2 000 6 50 360 440
X200-16 White.png
Rockomax X200-16 Fuel Tank Large 1 550
(815.6)
9 1 2 000 6 50 720 880
X200-32 White.png
Rockomax X200-32 Fuel Tank Large 3 000
(1 531.2)
18 2 2 000 6 50 1 440 1 760
Jumbo-64 White.png
Rockomax Jumbo-64 Fuel Tank Large 5 750
(2 812.4)
36 4 2 000 6 50 2 880 3 520
Kerbodyne S3-3600 Tank.png
Kerbodyne S3-3600 Tank Extra large 3 250
(1 597.6)
20.25 2.25 2 000 6 50 1 620 1 980
Kerbodyne S3-7200 Tank.png
Kerbodyne S3-7200 Tank Extra large 6 500
(3 195.2)
40.5 4.5 2 000 6 50 3 240 3 960
Kerbodyne S3-14400 Tank.png
Kerbodyne S3-14400 Tank Extra large 13 000
(6 390.4)
81 9 2 000 6 50 6 480 7 920
Mk2 LF+O Fuselage Short.png
Mk2 Rocket Fuel Fuselage Short Mk2 750
(566.4)
2.29 0.29 2 500 50 50 180 220
Mk2 LF+O Fuselage.png
Mk2 Rocket Fuel Fuselage Mk2 1 450
(1 082.8)
4.57 0.57 2 500 50 50 360 440
Mk3 Rocket Fuel Fuselage Short.png
Mk3 Rocket Fuel Fuselage Short Mk3 2 500
(1 352.5)
14.29 1.79 2 700 50 50 1 125 1 375
Mk3 Rocket Fuel Fuselage.png
Mk3 Rocket Fuel Fuselage Mk3 5 000
(2 705)
28.57 3.57 2 700 50 50 2 250 2 750
Mk3 Rocket Fuel Fuselage Long.png
Mk3 Rocket Fuel Fuselage Long Mk3 10 000
(5 410)
57.14 7.14 2 700 50 50 4 500 5 500
C7 Brand Adapter - 2.5m to 1.25m.png
C7 Brand Adapter - 2.5m to 1.25m Small, Large 800
(433.0)
4.57 0.57 2 300 20 50 360 440
C7 Brand Adapter Slanted - 2.5m to 1.25m.png
C7 Brand Adapter Slanted - 2.5m to 1.25m Small, Large 800
(433.0)
4.57 0.57 2 300 20 50 360 440
Mk2 to 1.25m Adapter.png
Mk2 to 1.25m Adapter Small, Mk2 550
(366.4)
2.29 0.29 2 500 50 50 180 220
Mk2 to 1.25m Adapter Long.png
Mk2 to 1.25m Adapter Long Small, Mk2 1 050
(682.8)
4.57 0.57 2 500 50 50 360 440
Mk2 Bicoupler.png
Mk2 Bicoupler Small, Mk2 x 2 860
(676.4)
2.29 0.29 2 500 50 50 180 220
2.5m to Mk2 Adapter.png
2.5m to Mk2 Adapter Large, Mk2 800
(432.8)
4.57 0.57 2 500 50 50 360 440
Mk3 to Mk2 Adapter.png
Mk3 to Mk2 Adapter Mk2, Mk3 2 200
(1 282.0)
11.43 1.43 2 600 50 50 900 1 100
Mk3 to 2.5m Adapter.png
Mk3 to 2.5m Adapter Large, Mk3 2 500
(1 353.0)
14.29 1.79 2 600 50 50 1 125 1 375
Mk3 to 2.5m Adapter Slanted.png
Mk3 to 2.5m Adapter Slanted Large, Mk3 2 500
(1 353.0)
14.29 1.79 2 600 50 50 1 125 1 375
Mk3 to 3.75m Adapter.png
Mk3 to 3.75m Adapter Extra large, Mk3 2 500
(1 353.0)
14.29 1.79 2 600 50 50 1 125 1 375
ADTP-2-3 Gray.png
Kerbodyne ADTP-2-3 Large, Extra large 1 623
(246.0)
16.88 1.88 2 000 6 50 1 350 1 650


Note that not only are the the above four dedicated fuel tanks, but there is a selection of Fuselage parts. These parts are intended for space planes and/or shuttles, but can be used as part of normal rocket if desired.

Liquid Fuel Density is 5 kg/unit Mass
(t)
Liquid
Fuel

(Units of fuel)
Image Part Radial size Cost
(Funds)
Full Empty Max. Temp.
(K)
Tolerance
(m/s)
Tolerance
(g)
Engine Nacelle.png
Engine Nacelle[Note 1] Small 600
(480)
0.925 0.15 2 000 10 50 150
Engine Pre-cooler.png
Engine Pre-cooler[Note 1] Small 1 650
(1 618)
0.375 0.15 2 000 10 50 40
Mk1 Fuselage-Intake.png
Mk1 Diverterless Supersonic Intake[Note 1] Small 720
(560)
1.18 0.17 2 000 10 50 200
Mk0LiquidFuelFuselage.png
Mk0 Liquid Fuel Fuselage Tiny 200
(160)
0.275 0.025 2 000 10 50 50
Mk1 Liquid Fuel Fuselage.png
Mk1 Liquid Fuel Fuselage Small 550
(230)
2.25 0.25 2 000 10 50 400
Mk2 Liquid Fuselage Short.png
Mk2 Liquid Fuel Fuselage Short Mk2 750
(430)
2.29 0.29 2 500 50 50 400
Mk2 FT.png
Mk2 Liquid Fuel Fuselage Mk2 1 450
(810)
4.57 0.57 2 500 50 50 800
Mk3 Liquid Fuel Fuselage Short.png
Mk3 Liquid Fuel Fuselage Short Mk3 4 300
(2 300)
14.29 1.79 2 700 50 50 2 500
Mk3 Liquid Fuel Fuselage.png
Mk3 Liquid Fuel Fuselage Mk3 8 600
(4 600)
28.57 3.57 2 700 50 50 5 000
Mk3 Liquid Fuel Fuselage Long.png
Mk3 Liquid Fuel Fuselage Long Mk3 17 200
(9 200)
57.14 7.14 2 700 50 50 10 000
NCS Adapter.png
NCS Adapter Small, Tiny 320
(256)
0.5 0.1 2 400 10 50 80
FAT455AirplaneWing.png
FAT-455 Aeroplane Main Wing[Note 2] Radial mounted 2 800
(2 320)
3.78 0.78 1 200 15 50 600
BigSWingStrake.png
Big-S Wing Strake[Note 2] Radial mounted 1 000
(920)
0.6 0.1 2 400 15 50 100
BigSDeltaWing.png
Big-S Delta Wing[Note 2] Radial mounted 3 000
(2 760)
2.0 0.5 2 400 15 50 300
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 The Engine Nacelle, Engine Pre-cooler, and Mk1 Diverterless Supersonic Intake are a combination of air intake and liquid fuel tank. Only the tank properties are shown. They are located in the "Aerodynamic" category in the game.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 The FAT-455 Aeroplane Main Wing, Big-S Wing Strake, and Big-S Delta Wing are a combination of lifting surface and liquid fuel tank. Only the tank properties are shown. They are located in the "Aerodynamic" category in the game.


You can see from the table of dedicated fuel tanks that 200 units of fuel is given a mass of one Kg. However, this value does not extend to the fuselage parts.

It should be noted though that RCS uses its own type of fuel that is separate to Rocket/Jet fuel.