Difference between revisions of "LV-N "Nerv" Atomic Rocket Motor"

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{{:LV-N Atomic Rocket Motor/Box}}
The '''LV-N "Nerv" Atomic Rocket Motor''' is a low-thrust, high-efficiency [[rocket engine]]. It is modeled after the real-world [[wikipedia:nuclear thermal rocket|nuclear thermal rocket]], which uses a fission reactor to heat its propellant and force it out of the rocket nozzle to generate thrust (as opposed to a normal rocket, which ignites the propellant and uses the energy released by the resulting chemical reaction for that purpose).
== Usage ==
The LV-N has low thrust and a very high mass, giving it the worst [[thrust-to-weight ratio]] of all liquid engines. For this reason, it is a very poor choice for propulsion in skycranes, despite its high vacuum specific impulse. Its [[Isp|I<sub>sp</sub>]] while in atmosphere is also quite poor, making it not recommended for operation within atmospheres or for landings on larger bodies.
However, when outside the atmosphere, its efficiency becomes superb with a vacuum [[Specific impulse|I<sub>sp</sub>]] of 800 s, by far the highest of any [[liquid engine|liquid fuel engine]]. This remarkable efficiency makes it quite popular for upper stages as it is ideal for interplanetary travel.  With the 1.0 update, this engine '''consumes only liquid fuel.'''  As such, it is much more mass-efficient to build your craft with tanks that only contain liquid fuel and no oxidizer.
It will [[overheating|overheat]] when run at full throttle, but it will usually stabilize before completely filling the overheat bar. As of version 0.23, it will quickly overheat and explode when placed directly under a [[Rockomax Jumbo-64 Fuel Tank]].  With a bit of experimentation on the launchpad, it is possible to find the maximum thrust for a particular configuration.  Since the maximum thrust is tweakable, the ideal thrust levels for each engine can be found with a bit of on-the-fly tweaking, allowing to throttle to 100% without having to worry about midflight explosions.
It is also quite long, being almost exactly the same length as a Mainsail engine. LV-N engines on a landing stage require some interesting structure designs to get the landing gear low enough to clear the bottom of the engine.
== Product description ==
|Despite the big scary trefoil painted onto the side of this engine, its radioactive exhaust, and tendency to overheat, the LV-N Atomic Rocket Motor is harmless. Mostly. Note that the LV-N is the only LV series engine to run solely on Liquid Fuel - the future is glowing bright!
{{Quote|Yes, I know this is wrong. NTRs don't actually burn fuel and oxidizer, but we don't want to jump into making separate tanks for the two yet.|Excerpt from the part.cfg pre-[[1.0]]}}
== Trivia ==
* The description of this part contains a reference to Douglas Adams' ''Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy'' series, in which the human race is described as "Mostly harmless".
* Before [[1.0]], the LV-N consumed both [[liquid fuel]] and [[oxidizer]], unlike real-world nuclear thermal rockets. This due to programming constraints, as stated in its parts.cfg file, and [[Squad]]'s unwillingness to add another tank type. Real NTRs run on liquid hydrogen, but are capable of using other propellants at lower efficiencies.  With the addition of liquid-fuel-only tanks for spaceplanes, this constraint vanished.
* Interestingly, the LV-N has two shrouds, one for each half of the engine. Both are toggleable in the editor.
* The "Nerv" nickname is likely a reference to [[w:NERVA|NERVA]], or "Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle Application", a NASA program to create a nuclear thermal rocket.
== Changes ==
* LV-N “Nerv” Engine now runs solely on Liquid Fuel.
* No longer has a gimbal.
* Cost increased to 10000.
* Mass increased from 2.25 to 3.
* Isp curve extended past 1 atmosphere; Isp drops to 0.001 at 2 atm.
* Cost increased from 1700 to 8700 (and made meaningful)
* Alternator added; engine now generates 5.0 electric charge per second.
* Initial release
[[Category:Liquid fuel engines]]

Revision as of 18:17, 17 March 2017