Tutorial:How to get to Eve
- 1 Traveling to Eve
- 2 Steps
- 3 Ideas
Traveling to Eve
- Length: 1-3 hours
- Difficulty: Moderate/Hard
- For version: .17
Additionally, you will need a good understanding of orbital mechanics (see Tutorials section), angles, and a lot of patience.
Step 1 - Build Your Rocket
To perform a successful landing on Eve you will need an immense rocket.
Only consider building an upper stage if you want to perform a landing. It should consist of, at the very least, a lander that can touch down on the surface. You may also want to consider packing some extra fuel, in case either:
A. Your middle stage can't pull you out of Eve's orbit.
B. You want it to be capable of flying back to orbit for a return mission.
If you want to land, you will not need as many parachutes as you would for a landing on Kerbin due to a thicker atmosphere. You may want to consider landing rockets just in case you lose your chute. If you are seriously planning on going home, you will need very large rockets for this stage.
This is the stage you will be using to fly from Kerbin's orbit to Eve's, and possibly to decelerate into controlled descent. It's recommended this stage remain light, so thrusters with a high specific impulse, such as the LV-909 Liquid Fuel Engine or ideally, nuclear engines, are recommended for the journey.
This stage should take you at least into Kerbin's orbit if you hope to reach Eve. It will require several large thrusters to lift the interplanetary vehicle itself into orbit, probably assisted by some SRBs.
Step 2 - Planetary Alignment
While not absolutely essential, the easiest and fastest way to reach Eve from Kerbin is ensuring that they are properly aligned. Otherwise, you may spend a lot of time (possibly years) and fuel drifting until they happen to match up.
To do so, check your map and make sure that Eve is behind Kerbin in its orbit around Kerbol, and if you were to draw a line from Eve to Kerbol to Kerbin, it would form a ~60 degree angle. From this angle, you can get to a height of 200km around Kerbin, orbit retrograde until Eve is directly behind Kerbin, and burn until you have reached a velocity of roughly 3000m/s for a direct path to Eve.
Alternatively, you can visit The Interplanetary Guide and Calculator to calculate your own path.
Step 3 - Launch to Kerbin Orbit
Take off as usual (see Tutorials for how to achieve orbit), only tilt your craft heading east instead of the usual west. Unless you've done your own calculations, try to aim for a circular equatorial orbit spinning clockwise at around 200,000 meters.
Important Note: Sling-shotting around Kerbin to planets with a lower Kerbolar orbit requires a retrograde orbit. The shortest and most fuel-efficient method of traveling to Eve is by traveling around Kerbin in a clockwise orbit, rather than the standard counterclockwise orbit. To do this will require a little extra fuel for the first stage, as you are flying against the spin of Kerbin.
Step 4 - Fly from Kerbin to Eve
If have successfully reached your desired orbit around Kerbin, begin your high-velocity burn. Keep an eye on your map, as mentioned about you will need to wait until Kerbin sits exactly between you and Eve, and get your velocity up to approximately 3060 m/s.
It's really important to watch the map while you are accelerating. As you accelerate your Kerbolar orbital path should move to intersect Eve's. If all goes well, there should be a brief moment where you are captured by Eve's gravity well right around the target velocity. Immediately cut your thrust. If you overshoot, just turn the craft around and do a slight retro burn until you are caught again.
This journey should take about 200+ days, so hit the warp key and enjoy the ride.
Step 5 - Arriving at Eve
When you enter Eve's sphere of influence you will almost certainly be traveling at escape velocity. Begin firing retro until you are in some kind of orbit, after you are caught it doesn't matter how far out you are.
Assuming that you are trying to save fuel we are going to be doing an aerobrake here. As shown on the information page, Eve's atmosphere begins around 100km, so we are going for a periapsis slightly lower than that. Unless you have an extremely wide orbit, going below 95km will probably result in an unplanned descent.
If you are not planning on landing, being a forward burn at the apoapsis (once it has reached the desired altitude) to circularize your orbit.
Step 6 - Land on Eve (Optional)
Adjust your orbital path to where you would like to land, and continue aerobraking to bleed off that extra velocity. Eventually you will be caught on a terminal descent through the atmosphere. You will notice that due to the thicker and larger atmosphere than Kerbin's you will descend much more slowly. Deploy your chute(s) to slow down even further. Lower whatever landing gear you brought with you and fire retrorockets if the chutes aren't slowing you down enough. Ultimately we're going for typically touchdown speed (6-12m/s).
Congratulations! You've landed on another planet!