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Tylo

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Tylo
Tylo
Tylo as seen from orbit.
Moon of Jool
Orbital Characteristics
Semi-major axis 68 500 000 m [Note 1]
Apoapsis 68 500 000 m [Note 1]
Periapsis 68 500 000 m [Note 1]
Orbital eccentricity 0
Orbital inclination 0.025 °
Argument of periapsis 0 °
Longitude of the ascending node 0 °
Mean anomaly 3.14 rad (at 0s UT)
Sidereal orbital period 211 926 s
9 d 4 h 52 m 6.4 s
Synodic orbital period 212356.4 s
Orbital Velocity 2030.9 m/s
Longest Time Eclipsed 5917 s
Physical Characteristics
Equatorial radius 600 000 m
Equatorial Circumference 3 769 911 m
Surface area 4.5238934×1012 m2
Mass 4.2332127×1022 kg
Standard gravitational parameter 2.8252800×1012 m3/s2
Density 46 787.273 kg/m3
Surface gravity 7.85 m/s2 (0.8 g)
Escape velocity 3 068.81 m/s
Sidereal rotation period 211 926.36 s
9 d 4 h 52 m 6.4 s
Sidereal rotational velocity 17.789 m/s
Synchronous orbit 14 157.88 km
Sphere of influence 10 856 518 m[Note 1]
Atmospheric Characteristics
Atmosphere present × No
Scientific multiplier
Surface 12
Near space 10
Outer space 8

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 The distances are given from the bodies center not surface (unlike ingame)

Tylo is the largest moon of Jool and the Kerbol System, and the largest celestial body without an atmosphere. It is the analog for Ganymede. It is the third moon from Jool, is the same diameter as Kerbin, and is tidally locked. Tylo orbits Jool in roughly nine days. Synchronous orbits around Tylo are impossible, as they would lie far outside of its SOI at a radius of 14,758,067 meters.

Tylo is a relatively difficult target to visit. Its gravity is similar to Kerbin's, but without an atmosphere, there is no way to aerobrake, and a large amount of fuel must be used to land and take off. However, due to its large gravity well, Tylo is ideal for a gravity assist to enter or leave the Jool system with minimal fuel consumption.

According to former developer NovaSilisko, Tylo was planned to be made into a high-contrasting body like Saturn's moon Iapetus.[1]

In-game Description

Tylo was the first moon of Jool to be discovered by the Kerbal Astronomical Society. After many failed attempts to take a flawless picture of Jool to hang on the office walls, it was finally discovered that the wandering white smear was indeed a moon.

Scientists speculate that the view from the surface with Laythe, Vall, and Jool overhead must be quite something.

Kerbal Astronomical Society

Topography

Tylo has a rocky surface. It has a varying elevation between 0 meters (Tylo baseline height) and peaks of more than 11290 meters. Tylo's surface looks similar to that of Mün, but has much fewer impact craters (especially on the side facing away from Jool) and is more uneven.

Due to the coloring of the surface of Tylo, it is likely that it is covered in a rhyolite layer of rock, nickel, a little cobalt, and some sort of ice and dust spread by meteorite impacts but as there is no official way to determine the composition of the moon this is only hypothetical. This explains why Tylo has a rather bright and white surface.

Because it is very large in comparison to other moons, it is unlikely that it is a captured planet. For a planet of this size, Jool would have to be much larger and denser to produce a large and strong enough gravitational well. It is unknown why Tylo hasn't formed an atmosphere.

Because of its high gravity and lack of an atmosphere, Tylo is very hard to land on and reach orbit from. However, low altitude orbits at high speeds can be achieved for these same reasons.

Biomes

Tylo has 9 Biomes. It mostly consists of generic Low-, Mid- and Highlands with some Mara and Minor Craters scattered in between. There are four distinct Craters. Previously three of these Craters were simply named Major Crater, the reason for this oddity not being known.

Biome list

Tylo biome map as of 1.2
  • Highlands
  • Midlands
  • Lowlands
  • Mara
  • Minor Craters
  • Gagarin Crater
  • Grissom Crater
  • Galileio Crater
  • Tycho Crater

Science

Tylo has the second-highest science multipliers in the game. The only orbit with a higher multiplier is the sun and the only surface with a better multiplier is that of Eve. Unfortunately Tylo has no atmosphere, which means that there is one less zone to conduct experiments in and that some experiments do not work at all. That means that it is only the second most science-rich Joolian moon after Laythe.

Reference Frames

Rotational/Inertial transition 10 000 m
Warp Minimum Altitude
Any
5× 30 000 m
10× 30 000 m
50× 60 000 m
100× 120 000 m
1 000× 240 000 m
10 000× 480 000 m
100 000× 600 000 m

Trivia

  • Kerbin has the same equatorial radius as Tylo (600,000m) yet Tylo's surface gravity is much lower than Kerbin. This is most likely because Tylo is composed of low density matter.
  • There are two known Easter eggs on Tylo.
Spoiler:
One is Carl Sagan's face on a mountain and the other is a cave-like underground formation. The cave-like formation used to be on the surface.

Gallery

Notes

  1. Post in the forum by NovaSilisko

Changes

1.2
  • Updated biomes
0.90
  • Added biomes
0.17
  • Initial release