- 1 入门: 科学是神马东东？
- 2 收集科学成果
- 3 Mobile Processing Lab MPL-LG-2
- 4 表格数据
- 5 Mobile Processing Lab MPL-LG-2
- 6 飞船回收(Craft recovery)
- 7 天体系数
If you paid attention during out brief tutorial above, you noticed that you got a "Crew Report from the Launch Pad" -- just getting you capsule off the pad will move it into a new biome where you can get a new report for fresh Science Points. Actually, Kerbal Space Center alone is made up of three different biomes; the rest of the planet is not as finely detailed, but Mountains, Deserts, Icecaps and so on are easy to make out from above. You will need to collect quite a few surface samples etc. from Kerbin before you can even consider going to the Mun.
On Mun and Minmus every large crater (or depression, respectively) is a biome to it's own, plus a few more in-between. The latter are nowhere near as obvious as desert and grassland are on Kerbin, but there are slight differences in the look of the surface. For fully detailed maps, refer to the Biomes article.
Some combinations of activity and situation ignore biomes and give the same result wherever performed within an SOI; these combinations are marked " Global " in the table below.
- 表面着陆: 与陆地表面相接触
- 表面溅落: 在表面上的液体部分中（例如海洋）
- 低空飞行: 在略高于表面的大气中
- 高空飞行: 在大气的较高位置
- 近空间: 高于表面，且不在大气中（如果天体没有大气层，任何高于表面的部分都算作近空间）
- 远空间: 远高于表面和大气层，但仍在天体的 影响半径（SOI）之中
If your research is based on equipment, like thermometers or the Mystery Goo™ Containment Unit, the results are on said equipment. Probably the most convenient means of recovering these results is to just recover the science modules, but this is not the only way: a Kerbal can take the data (right-click during EVA, while in close proximity to the equipment in question) and subsequently transfer them to a pod, capsule, or some other modules. Simple experiments (e.g., thermometers) will then be available for immediate re-use; more complicated ones (e.g., Mystery Goo) will need to be cleaned out. The Lab is the only means of doing so during a mission. Still, once the data has been taken off them, the spent modules may safely be left behind.
Getting and staying close enough to effect an transfer can be a hassle sometimes, even on the ground, much more so in space. Having ladders to cling to makes this much easier.
Kerbals can also take data from one pod and move it to another: that's important when you want to make an Appollo-Style Mission where the Lander Module and the Return Vessel are two distinct spacecraft.
Most modules have only a limited capacity; typically, command pods can only take "one of each": one surface sample from here and one from there is possible, but if you want to take home two surface samples from the same site you need to bring two pods. Incidentally, it is not necessary to board a capsule only to transfer the data, you can again do this by right-click while being close to it. Putting data onto a module from the outside (i.e. without boarding the module) will store only as much data as the module can take, the remainder stays with the Kerbal.
Kerbals can take an unlimited amount of data from modules, even if that data includes several soil samples and EVA reports.
If you transmit data, you will implicitly "take" it from a module without the hassles of EVA. The other effects regarding re-usability and the possible need to clean out the module are the same, regardles of whether you take the data manually or by transmission.
Mobile Processing Lab MPL-LG-2
The Mobile Processing Lab MPL-LG-2 improves the value of science data before transmitting it; it has no effect on data kept aboard. Crew Reports and EVA Reports have no penalty on transmitting them, so lab processing doesn't benefit these two. The others typically improve by 50% (if the standard Transmit Value for a given experiment is 20%, the Lab pushes this to 30% and so on). While quite a boost, this still leaves a lot of unrecovered Science Points, so you probably still want to bring data back home.
However, the Mobile Processing Lab MPL-LG-2 can also store infinite amounts of scientific data - even multiple copies from the same experiment in the same situation & biome.
Refer to the Mobile Processing Lab MPL-LG-2 for ramifications and usage scenarios.
This is an overview of all science activities which can be performed and how results differ by biome and situation. Activities performed within one sphere of influence(SOI) have no effect on the Science Points that can be earned doing science activities within the SOI of any other celestial body.
科研活动和位置(science activities and situations)
The top row of the chart names each activity; the left hand column shows the six possible situations. Each intersection shows whether the activity is possible and, if so, whether it differs by Biome or gives one Global result for the entire celestial body for a given situation.
Activities and situations requiring an atmosphere are italicized and colored.
|Processing energy||300 E|
Surface Samples can be taken by kerbonauts when performing an EVA on the ground or in water of a celestial body. The results vary by biome and are different while swimming within the biome too.
EVA Reports are done by kerbonauts on an EVA. Like crew reports they give different results depending on altitude and biome (if performed low enough). Only one EVA Report per biome/situation combination is necessary. The easiest ways to take a Flying Low report are to jump from the surface, or hang onto a ladder whilst landed.
A kerbonaut can only take and hold one EVA Report at a time without storing it in a Command Pod, though reports retrieved from a Command Pod have no limitations on how many of a type can be carried.
|Requires||A manned command pod|
Crew Reports can be created in any manned command pod. Reports uniquely differ between celestial body and situation. Because the transmission efficiency is 100%, repeating them or transmitting them multiple times yields no additional Science.
If a command pod has taken a Crew Report but not transmitted it, it cannot take a new report even when in a new situation, biome, or sphere of influence. This limitation can be circumvented by having a kerbonaut on EVA "take data" from the command pod. Even if they store the data in the same command pod it was taken from, the Crew Report will be treated as just another piece of data to store. A second Crew Report can be taken even in exactly the same spot; no additional points are yielded by duplicate Crew Reports though.
Experiments done by separate parts like the Mystery Goo™ Containment Unit behave similarly to Crew Reports. They may be performed in different flight phases and on different celestial bodies returning different results. Each module can only store one result at a time, but a result can be sent home with an antenna to allow the experiment to be performed again under the same or under new conditions. Data can also be extracted from the module by a kerbonaut during an EVA. There is a penalty for transmitting data home instead of recovering the module to Kerbin.
Since version 0.23, transmitting or collecting data renders the Mystery Goo™ Containment Unit and SC-9001 Science Jr. disabled for the remainder of a flight. If the craft has (or can be docked with) a fully crewed lab, it can reset those modules at a cost of time and electric charge.
|Experiment||Mystery Goo Observation||Materials Study||Temperature Scan||Atmospheric Pressure Scan||Seismic Scan||Gravity Scan||Atmosphere Analysis|
|Required part (tech tree lvl)||Mystery Goo™ Containment Unit (2)||SC-9001 Science Jr. (4)||2HOT Thermometer (5)||PresMat Barometer (6)||Double-C Seismic Accelerometer (7)||GRAVMAX Negative Gravioli Detector (8)||Sensor Array Computing Nose Cone (8)|
|Processing energy (E)||100||250||80||120||500||600||2000|
The transmission efficiency caps the maximum returnable science with the experiment via antennae. To gather all scientific value experiments needs to be recovered.
Mobile Processing Lab MPL-LG-2
The Mobile Processing Lab MPL-LG-2 improves the value of science data before transmitting it; it has no effect on data kept aboard. Crew Reports and EVA Reports have no penalty on transmitting them, so lab processing doesn't benefit these two. For others, it can squeeze out points from reports that at first have "+0.0 Science" value to transmit. It can also clean the Mystery Goo™ Containment Unit and SC-9001 Science Jr. to reuse them after transmitting or collecting data.
Both cleaning and processing required a certain amount of time and electric charge. Cleaning an experiment requires the same amount of energy as processing its report data.
The Mobile Processing Lab MPL-LG-2 can also store multiple copies of scientific data - even those from the same experiment in the same situation & biome. For example, a lander could conduct three material studies with separate SC-9001 Science Jr. units, rendezvous and dock with a ship containing a Mobile Processing Lab MPL-LG-2, then have a Kerbal on EVA "Take Data" from each SC-9001 Science Jr. and place it in the lab. This must be done once per piece of data, as a Kerbal can only store one type of unique data at a time. Most experiments can be 'maxed out' in a single trip by recovering three or four samples.
回收飞船本身也可以获得科学点数。点数多少取决于你的飞船飞的有多远。回收一个在亚轨道飞行的飞船比回收在Mun轨道飞行的飞船获得的点数要少。例如，回收科学点数看起来类似5 * (是否在天体表面着陆 + 是否在天体轨道飞行)。
|Surface||Atmosphere [note 1]||Space|
|Celestial body||Multiplier||Multiplier||Border||Multiplier||Border [note 2]|
|Kerbol||N/A||N/A||1×||1×||18 km||600 km||11×||2×||1000 Mm||4×|
|Eve||8×||8×||6×||6×||22 km||90 km||7×||5×||400 km||5×|
|Kerbin [dubious]||0.3×||0.4×||0.7×||0.9×||18 km||70 km||1×||1.5×||250 km||1×|
|Duna [dubious]||8×||N/A||5×||5×||12 km||50 km||7×||5×||140 km||5×|
|Jool||N/A||N/A||12×||9×||120 km||200 km||7×||6×||4 Mm||6×|
|Laythe||14×||12×||11×||10×||10 km||50 km||9×||8×||200 km||8×|
|Bop [dubious]||12×||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||9×||8×||25 km||8×|
|Pol [dubious]||12×||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||9×||8×||22 km||8×|
|Eeloo [dubious]||15×||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||12×||10×||60 km||10×|
- Suborbital flight necessary for atmosphere readings, having the periapsis inside the atmosphere start is not sufficient.
- Many of these altitudes are taken from users reporting on the forum and not from game data itself.
Each celestial body has different multipliers applied to the collected scientific data, based upon where it is taken in relation to that body. Biomes do not affect these multipliers.
The altitudes given in this table determine the altitude above mean sea level of the boundary between lower and upper atmosphere and between near and outer space. The upper atmosphere extends to the atmospheric height and the outer space extends up to the end of the sphere of influence.